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Afghanistan Most Violent Country of the Region. Jan 11 MSR

title jan 11 sec rportThe monthly security report covers the incidents of violence arising out of insurgency and counter-militancy efforts and resultant casualties took place in three South Asian countries, i.e. Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan, during January 2011. It is based on the data collected from mainstream national and international media.

The data shows that at least 379 incidents of armed conflicts were reported in three states taking lives of as much as 1013 people and leaving hundreds more wounded. Afghanistan remained the worst hit country by violence where more than one-half of the total casualties in the region were reported. In Afghanistan, at least 512 people were killed in 175 incidents. Pakistan witnessed more incidents of violence and consequent fatalities than India. In Pakistan 377 people were killed and 353 others injured in 113 incidents while 91 acts of violence took 124 lives in India. The militants’ casualties constituted highest among the total victims of armed conflicts, which numbered 550 while security forces losses remained about 14 %. The ratio of militants’ casualties to total deaths in a single country remained highest in Pakistan

The civilian casualties in the armed conflicts remained significantly high in the region. Almost one third of the victims were non-combatant ordinary persons. About three fourth of them were, however, killed in militant activities by anti-state or anti-government elements running guerrilla-warfare (hit-and-run operations) in the regional states. Out of 320 total civilian deaths, 229 were killed in insurgency. Of them, 130 were killed in Afghanistan, 88 in Pakistan and 11 in India. The largest victims of bomb blasts and targeted killings were also the civilians. The suicide attacks and militant assaults also targeted civilians in large number. The highest civilian deaths were reported in Afghanistan followed by Pakistan and India, respectively.

Anti-insurgency campaign by security forces in three states killed at least 450 people, mostly the alleged militants, in 117 incidents. More than one-half of these incidents and resultant killings were reported in Afghanistan. Indian security forces carried out higher number of anti-insurgency operations than Pakistani law enforcement agencies. About two third of the total killings in armed conflicts in India were caused by security forces actions. The security forces actions have been most effective in Pakistan in the region in terms of resultant killings of militants in such attacks. Each security forces action killed eight militants in Pakistan as compared to three in Afghanistan and two in India. Besides ground / field operations, the security forces also carried out air raids in Afghanistan and Pakistan. American CIA continued drone attacks killing at least 49 people, all suspected militants, in Pakistan during the month. [toggle title=”Read Full Report”]

SOUTH ASIA SECURITY REPORT: JANUARY 2011

The political conflicts continued to unleash violence in South Asia killing as much as 33 people every day during the month of January 2011. More than one-half of these killings were reported in Afghanistan and about one third in Pakistan. The civilian casualties ranked quite high among the total victims of armed conflicts in the region. The ratio of civilian casualties to total deaths in any single country has been highest in India and lowest in Pakistan. At least a coalition soldier was killed every day in Afghanistan.

Data compiled during January 20110 shows that at least 1013 people were killed and more than 664[1] others sustained injuries in three major regional states, Afghanistan, India and Pakistan, in some 379 incidents of armed conflicts in the month. Afghanistan remained the worst hit country by violence in the region where 175 incidents of armed conflicts took lives of 512 persons. In Pakistan 377 people were killed and 353 others injured in 113 incidents while 91 acts of violence took 124 lives in India. The militants’ casualties constituted highest among the total victims of violence in the region, which numbered 550. Almost one-half of them were killed in Afghanistan. However, the ratio of militants’ casualties to total deaths in any country remained highest in Pakistan where three fifth (59%) of the total victims of armed conflicts were alleged insurgents. This ratio has been 51 percent in Afghanistan and 52 percent in India. The civilians deaths constituted second highest among the total victims of violence in the region as every third person killed in armed conflicts was a non-combatant ordinary person. Not less than 320 civilians lost their lives in violence in the region, half of them in Afghanistan and about one third in Pakistan. The deaths of security forces personnel constituted only 14 percent of the total killings in the region. The country–wise breakup of casualties in political conflicts and violence in the region is given as under:

COUNTRY WISE DETAILS OF TOTAL CASUALTIES IN SOUTH ASIA

S.#

Country name

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

AFGANISTAN

175

81

263

168

512

51

22

153

226

2.

INDIA

91

9

65

50

124

15

2

68

85

3.

PAKISTAN

113

53

222

102

377

39

78

236

353

GRAND TOTAL

379

143

550

320

1013

105

102

457

664

*SFP= Security Forces Personnel; **M=Militants; ***C= Civilians

 

MILITANT ACTIVITIES:

The anti-state and anti-government insurgencies continued to challenge national security as well as lives of the people. It took lives of 536 people and inflicted injuries to 489 others in 232 different incidents in the region. Afghanistan remained the worst victim of militancy where 111 such incidents took 279 lives and left 194 others wounded. The militants targeted 180 persons in Pakistan and injured 271 others in 84 different incidents while 37 militant activities took lives of 77 persons in India.

The civilian casualties constituted highest among the total victims of insurgency. As much as 229 non combatant ordinary persons became victims of insurgency constituting about more than two fifth (43%) of the total casualties in such activities. More than one half of the civilian killings were reported in Afghanistan, and about two fifth in Pakistan. The ratio of civilian killings to total deaths in militant activities remained highest in Pakistan (49 %), followed by Afghanistan (47 %) and India (14 %), respectively. The militancy remained more lethal for insurgents themselves than security forces personnel as the militants’ casualties constituted the second highest of total victims of insurgency numbering 176. Out of it, 74 were killed in Afghanistan, 63 in India and 39 in Pakistan. The killings of security forces personnel constituted only one fourth of the total fatalities in insurgency. Out of total 131 deaths of security forces personnel, 75 were reported in Afghanistan, 3 in India and 53 in Pakistan. The ratio of killings of security forces personnel to the total deaths in militant activities in the region remain highest in Pakistan (29%), followed by Afghanistan (27 %) and India (4 %), respectively. The country–wise breakup of militant activities and resultant casualties is given below:

COUNTRY WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN MILITANT ACTIVITIES

S.#

Country name

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

AFGANISTAN

111

75

74

130

279

46

13

135

194

2.

INDIA

37

3

63

11

77

7

2

15

24

3.

PAKISTAN

84

53

39

88

180

38

8

225

271

GRAND TOTAL

232

131

176

229

536

91

23

375

489

ASSAULTS:

The militants carried out 78 assaults killing as much as 140 people and leaving 100 others wounded in different parts of the region. These attacks, however, proved deadlier for militants themselves and the civilians than security forces personnel. The deaths of security forces personnel constituted about one fourth (23%) of the total killings in such attacks. The remaining victims were either civilians or the militants themselves, both in equal number. The most of such attacks and resultant casualties were reported in Afghanistan, followed by Pakistan and India, respectively. In India, however, no militants’ casualty was reported in any assault during the month. The country-wise details of militant attacks are given as under:

COUNTRY WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN MILLITNATS’ ASSAULTS

S.#

Country name

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

AFGANISTAN

33

15

26

24

65

7

3

19

29

2.

INDIA

21

5

0

17

22

3

0

47

50

3.

PAKISTAN

24

12

28

13

53

5

4

12

21

GRAND TOTAL

78

32

54

54

140

15

7

78

100

 

            BOMB BLASTS:

The bomb blasts remained most lethal and most commonly used tools employed by the militants during the month. The deaths in bomb blasts (suicide bomb attacks not included) constituted more than two fifth (43%) of the total victims of insurgency in the region. As much as 231 people lost their lives and 184 others sustained injured in some 124 bomb blasts in the region. Afghanistan witnessed highest numbers of bomb blasts and resultant killings in the region where 165 people were killed in 68 different incidents. It constituted about 71 % of the total deaths and 55 % of total incidents of bomb blasts in the region. In Pakistan, 42 bomb blasts killed 64 people and left 131 others wounded. Bomb blasts remained least lethal in India where only 2 persons were killed in 14 incidents. In most cases, bomb blasts were used to destroy physical infrastructure in India. The civilians were the largest victims of bomb blasts, particularly in Pakistan where civilian casualties constituted about 70 % of the total deaths in such attacks. In Afghanistan, almost half of the victims of bomb blasts were civilians. Yet 69 security forces personnel also became victims of bomb blasts. In Afghanistan, 55 security forces personnel, mostly foreign soldiers, were targeted in bomb blasts. The breakup of bomb blasts and resultant casualties is given below:

COUNTRY WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN BOMB BLASTS

S.#

Country name

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

AFGANISTAN

68

55

28

82

165

39

10

65

114

2.

INDIA

14

1

0

1

2

5

0

5

10

3.

PAKISTAN

42

13

6

45

64

33

4

94

131

GRAND TOTAL

124

69

34

128

231

77

14

164

255

            SUICIDE ATTACKS:

The militants also carried out 7 suicide attacks in Afghanistan and Pakistan killing at least 64 persons and leaving 166 others wounded. No such incident was reported in India during the month. The more number of such incidents were reported in Afghanistan but higher number of resultant casualties took place in Pakistan. In Afghanistan 4 suicide attacks took lives of 27 persons and injured 49 others whereas 3 such incidents killed 37 persons and left 117 others wounded in Pakistan. Most of the victims were civilians in Afghanistan while deaths of security forces personnel constituted highest among the total victims of suicide attacks in Pakistan. The country-wise breakup of suicide attacks and resultant casualties is given as under:

COUNTRY WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN SUICIDE ATTACKS

S.#

Country name

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

AFGANISTAN

4

4

4

19

27

0

0

49

49

2.

INDIA

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3.

PAKISTAN

3

26

3

8

37

0

0

117

117

GRAND TOTAL

7

30

7

27

64

0

0

166

166

            TARGETED KILLINGS:    

            The militant also launched a campaign of targeted killings in various parts of three countries during the month. The suspected security forces spies, pro-government elements and members of rival militant groups generally became victims of the campaign. At least 53 people were killed in 37 different incidents. All but 5 victims were civilians. The most of incidents were reported in India where 23 people were killed in 19 different incidents. In Pakistan, 14 incidents of targets killings took 24 lives. The country-wise breakup of targeted killings is given below:

COUNTRY WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN TARGETTED KILLINGS

S.#

Country name

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

AFGANISTAN

4

1

0

5

6

0

0

2

2

2.

INDIA

19

0

2

21

23

0

0

1

1

3.

PAKISTAN

14

2

0

22

24

0

0

2

2

GRAND TOTAL

37

3

2

48

53

0

0

5

5

           

SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS:  

On the other side of the picture, the security forces of the respective states and US–led foreign troops (in Afghanistan) killed at least 450 persons in 117 different attacks. The militants’ casualties constituted highest, more than 85 %, of the total victims of security forces actions. Out of 386 alleged militants, almost one half (189) were killed in Afghanistan and one-third (134) in Pakistan. More than one-half of total security forces actions and resultant killings were reported in Afghanistan where 233 people, including 38 civilians, lost their lives in 64 different incidents.

In India, 77 persons were killed in 37 different incidents. The security forces actions remained most effective in Pakistan in terms of resultant killings of militants in such attacks. At least 140 people, all except 6 alleged militants, were killed in 16 security forces actions. Each security forces action killed 8 militants in Pakistan as compared to 3 in Afghanistan and 2 in India. The country–wise breakup of the security forces actions and resultant casualties is given below:

COUNTRY WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS

S.#

Country name

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

AFGANISTAN

64

6

189

38

233

5

9

18

32

2.

INDIA

37

3

63

11

77

7

2

15

24

3.

PAKISTAN

16

0

134

6

140

1

60

0

61

GRAND TOTAL

117

9

386

55

450

13

71

33

117

 

AIR RAIDS:

At least 109 persons were reportedly killed in at least 22 air raids in Afghanistan and Pakistan.  No air–raid was reported in India during the month. The highest numbers of air strikes were reported in Afghanistan but most of the casualties in such attack happened in Pakistan. The militants and civilians casualties in air raids remained almost equal in Afghanistan where 25 insurgents and 22 civilians were killed in such attacks. However, in Pakistan most of the victims of air raids were militants. The country-wise breakup of air–raids and resultant casualties is shown below:

COUNTRY WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN AIR RAIDS

S.#

Country name

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

AFGANISTAN

18

3

25

22

50

3

0

2

5

2.

INDIA

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3.

PAKISTAN

4

0

58

1

59

0

34

0

34

GRAND TOTAL

22

3

83

23

109

3

34

2

39

 

FIELD / GROUND OPERATIONS:

The security forces heavily relied on ground / field operations during their anti-insurgency campaign during the month. They carried out at least 81 actions killing as much as 334 persons and leaving 66 others injured in three countries. Among the dead included 303 militants, 29 civilians and 2 security forces personnel. In Afghanistan mostly, and in Pakistan almost exclusively, the victims of security forces operations were militants. The country-wise breakup of security forces actions and resultant killings is given below:

COUNTRY WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN SECURITY FORCES FIELD OPERATIONS

S.#

Country name

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

AFGANISTAN

42

1

164

15

180

1

9

16

26

2.

INDIA

27

1

63

9

73

4

2

7

13

3.

PAKISTAN

12

0

76

5

81

1

26

0

27

GRAND TOTAL

81

2

303

29

334

6

37

23

66

 

            DRONE ATTACKS:            

            The American Central Intelligence (CIA) continued to run a campaign of targeted killing of suspected militants in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of Pakistan killing not less than 49 persons and leaving 10 others wounded in 11 drone attacks. The campaign remained entirely restricted to the area and no such incident was reported any other area or country in the region.

KILLING OF FOREIGN TROOPS:

 

There were at least 38 foreign troops were also killed during the month. Though, an American source confirmed deaths of 32 foreign troops, including 25 US soldiers, in Afghanistan.[2] But the data compiled by CMC suggests that at least 38 foreign troops were killed during January 2011 raising total number of coalition forces casualties to over 2300 since 2001.

 

 

COUNTRY REPORTS

                AFGHANISTAN:

Everyday of January 2010 witnessed about 6 incidents of armed conflicts killing 17 people in Afghanistan. In average, each incident took lives of about 3 persons, including a civilian. Everyday saw the killing of a foreign soldier in Afghanistan during the month.

The armed conflicts between US-led coalition forces and Afghan resistance groups took lives of at least 512 people and left hundreds other injured during January 2011. Almost half of the victims were alleged militants. Every third person killed in violence was a civilian. Not less than 81 security forces personnel including 38 foreign troops were also killed during the month. The militant activities took more lives than in security forces actions. The insurgents carried out 111 attacks killing 279 people and inflicted injuries to 194 others. However, the most of their victims were civilians, which constituted about one half of the total killings in militancy. The counter militancy campaign by security forces took lives of at least 233 people, mostly the alleged militants.  The breakup of incidents of violence and resultant casualties is given as under:

CATEGORY-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN AFGHANISTAN

S.#

Nature of Attack

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

Militant Activities

111

75

74

130

279

46

13

135

194

2.

Security Forces Actions

64

6

189

38

233

5

9

18

32

GRAND TOTAL

175

81

263

168

512

51

22

153

226

THE MILITNAT ACTIVITIES:

            The militant activities took lives of 279 people and inflicted injuries to 194 others in 111 different incidents during the month of January 2011. The civilian deaths constituted highest among the total victims of militancy while losses of security forces personnel formed one fourth of total fatalities in insurgency. At least 75 alleged militants also lost their lives in their war against the government.

The militant employed different means of violence including assaults (ambushes and raids), bomb blasts, suicide attacks and targeted killings etc. The most of the people were killed in bomb blasts. The bomb blasts and resultant deaths constituted about two fifth of the total militant activities and consequent killings, respectively. There were at least 165 people killed and 114 other injured in some 68 bomb blasts. However, most – about one-half – of the victims of bomb blasts were civilians but the highest security forces personnel were also killed in IEDs. At least 55 security forces personnel were killed in bomb blasts which constituted about three fourth of their total deaths. The militants carried out 33 assaults killing 65 people including 15 security forces personnel and 24 civilians. At least 26 militants also lost their lives in such attacks. The civilian deaths constituted highest among the total victims of suicide attacks and target killings. As much as 27 people including 19 civilians and 4 security forces personnel were killed in 4 different suicide attacks. Yet 6 more people including 5 civilians lost their lives in 4 incidents of target killings. The breakup of militant activities and resultant killings is given below:

MILITANT ACTIVITIES

S#

COUNTRY

NATURE OF

ATTACKS

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

 

AFGHANISTAN

Assault

33

15

26

24

65

7

3

19

29

Bomb blast

68

55

28

82

165

39

10

65

114

Suicide Attack

4

4

4

19

27

0

0

49

49

Target killing

4

1

0

5

6

0

0

2

2

Other (IC)

2

0

16

0

16

0

0

0

0

TOTAL:

111

75

74

130

279

46

13

135

194

The data suggests that militants are active in all parts of the country though they are more active in some areas than others. The Southern Region remained most volatile area in Afghanistan where highest numbers of militant activities as well as consequent fatalities were reported during January 2011.[i] The highest deaths of security forces personnel were also observed in southern provinces. The militants carried out 51 attacks in southern region killing 130 people including 60 civilians and 44 security forces personnel. The Eastern Region, comprising central and eastern provinces, remained the worst hit area by insurgency where 40 incidents took at least 88 lives and left 100 others injured. More than one half of the victims were civilians but as much as 25 security forces personnel were also killed in the area. In Northern Region, 15 incidents of insurgency took 55 lives, more than one half of the victims were the militants themselves. The Western Region remained relatively calm where only 5 militant activities and 6 resultant deaths were reported. The region-wise breakup of militant activities and consequent casualties is given below:

REGION-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN MILITANT ACTIVITIES (AFGHANISTAN)

S.#

Region

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

Eastern Region

40

25

13

50

88

24

1

75

100

2.

Northern Region

15

5

33

17

55

0

10

3

13

3.

Southern Region

51

44

26

60

130

21

1

52

74

4

Western Region

5

1

2

3

6

1

1

5

7

GRAND TOTAL

111

75

74

130

279

46

13

135

194

 

THE SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS:

The US-led coalition forces continued their counter–insurgency campaign in Afghanistan killing at least 233 persons – mostly alleged militants. In average, the forces took 2 anti-insurgency actions every day killing 8 people including a civilian. The ground / field operations remained more effective as 164 out of 189 total militants’ deaths were reported in 42 such actions. The security forces also killed 50 people, half of them militants, in 18 air raids. The highest civilian deaths in security forces actions were also reported in air raids which took lives of 22 non combatant ordinary people. The breakup of security forces actions and ensuing casualties is given below:

 

 

 

 

SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS

S#

COUNTRY

NATURE OF

ATTACKS

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

 

AFGHANISTAN

Air raid

18

3

25

22

50

3

0

2

5

Security Forces actions

42

1

164

15

180

1

9

16

26

Friendly fire

1

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

Internal clash

2

1

0

0

1

1

0

0

1

others

1

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

TOTAL:

64

6

189

38

233

5

9

18

32

 

The East Region of the country remained main focus of security forces actions where 109 people were killed in 26 different incidents. Almost three fourth of the victims of these actions were alleged militants and the rest but one were civilians. Yet second important area in terms of security forces actions has been the Southern Region where 67 people were killed in some 21 different incidents. More than 85 % of victims in the area were alleged militants. At least 5 civilians and 4 security forces personnel were also killed in security forces action in Southern Afghanistan. The security forces killed 48 people, all alleged militants, in 11 different actions in Northern Region. Fewer security forces actions were reported in Western Afghanistan where only 9 people, including 7 civilians, were killed in 6 different incidents. The region-wise breakup of security forces actions and consequent casualties is given below:

REGION-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS (AFGHANISTAN)

S.#

Region

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

Eastern Region

26

1

82

26

109

0

0

0

0

2.

Northern Region

11

0

48

0

48

0

5

0

5

3.

Southern Region

21

4

58

5

67

4

4

4

12

4

Western Region

6

1

1

7

9

1

0

14

15

GRAND TOTAL

64

6

189

38

233

5

9

18

32

 

INDIA:

 

Everyday 3 incidents of violence and 4 resultant casualties were reported in India during January 2011. Militants carried out 2 attacks and security forces took one counter-insurgency action every day. Two third of those killed lost their lives in security forces actions while civilian casualties form two fifth of the total fatalities in India. About one half of those killed in India were alleged militants.

There were at least 124 people killed and 85 others injured in 91 incidents of armed conflicts in India during January 2011. More than one half of the killed were alleged militants, i.e.65. The armed conflicts also took lives of 50 civilians and 9 security forces personnel. Though militant activities numbered more than that of security forces actions but the latter caused more deaths than the former. The insurgent carried out 54 attacks killing 47 people and leaving 61 others wounded. Most of those killed or injured in militant activities were civilians. The deaths of security forces personnel constituted only 13 percent of the total killings in militant activities. The security forces killed 77 people in 37 different incidents. Those killed in security forces actions, included 63 alleged militants and 11 civilians. The breakup of the incidents of armed conflicts and resultant casualties in India is given below:

CATEGORY-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN INDIA

S.#

Nature of Attack

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

Militant Activities

54

6

2

39

47

8

0

53

61

2.

Security Forces Actions

37

3

63

11

77

7

2

15

24

GRAND TOTAL

91

9

65

50

124

15

2

68

85

           

            MILITANT ACTIVITIES:

            The acts of violence by militants constituted about two third of the total incidents of armed conflicts in India but resultant killings in militancy formed only two fifth of the entire casualties in the country.  Militants carried out 54 attacks killing only 47 people and inflicting injuries to 61 others. In average, every militant activity caused death of only one person and left another injured.  

PROVINCE AND REGION-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN MILITANT ACTIVITIES (INDIA)

S.#

Province Name

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

.

Eastern Region (ER)

1.

BIHAR

2

1

1

2

2.

CHHATTISGARH

2

1

1

2

3.

JHARKHAND

11

2

10

12

1

1

4

ORISSA

5

1

1

3

3

5.

WEST BENGAL

12

17

17

48

48

Total (ER):

32

2

2

30

34

3

 

49

52

B.

 Northern Region (WR)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.

INDIAN HELD

 JAMMU & KASHMIR

9

4

2

6

3

3

Total (NR):

9

4

 

2

6

3

 

 

3

C.

North Eastern Region (NER)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.

ASAM

2

2

2

8.

MANIPUR

5

4

4

9.

NAGALAND

1

1

1

10.

TRIPURA

2

1

1

2

2

Total (NER):

10

 

 

6

6

 

 

4

4

D.

Southern Region

11

ANDHRA PRADESH

1

1

1

       

Total (SR):

1

 

 

1

1

 

 

 

 

E.

Western Region (WR)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12.

MAHARASHTRA

2

2

2

Total (NR):

2

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

2

 

GRAND TOTAL

(A +B+C+D+E)

54

6

2

39

47

8

0

53

61

 

The eastern region of the country remained the worst hit area of insurgency in the country. Almost two third of the militant activities and resultant killings in such attacks were reported in eastern region. Jharkhand and West Bengal remained worst hit provinces in the country. In West Bengal, militants killed 17 people in 12 incidents while they killed 12 persons in 11 incidents in Jharkhand. In Jammu and Kashmir only 9 incidents and 6 resultant fatalities were reported during the month. Meanwhile, the Indian Prime Minister has termed increasing Maoist activities as “serious challenges and threats to country’s internal security.”[ii] While noting that violence has been decreased in North-East, Mr. Manmohan Singh termed situation in Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Maharashtra and Orissa “quite serious” and “cause of concern” for his government. Meanwhile, Indian Home Minister had observed that new terrorist groups were raising their heads on Indian soil. Particularly, Maoists remained “a powerful and determined adversary” as well as “grave challenge” for Indian security forces. According to him, the Maoists had “added at least four companies to the People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA), the armed wing of the Naxals.”[iii] As usual Indian authorities have also resorted to link Pakistan ISI with naxalite movement in India.[iv]

The militants carried out assaults (raids and ambushes), bomb blasts and campaign of targeted killings in order to achieve their objectives. The bomb blasts, however, remained least effective as only 2 people were killed and 10 others injured in 14 explosions. They undertook 21 assaults killing 22 people and inflicting injuries to 50 others. Out of those killed and injured, civilians constituted 17 and 47, respectively. The militants could only target 6 security forces personnel in their anti-state / anti-government campaign. The militants also ran a targeted killings campaign taking lives of 23 people in 19 different incidents. Except 2 militants of a rival group, all victims of targeted killings were civilians. The summary of militant activities and consequent casualties is given below:

MILITANT ACTIVITIES

S#

COUNTRY

NATURE OF

ATTACKS

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

 

INDIA

Assault

21

5

0

17

22

3

0

47

50

Bomb blast

14

1

0

1

2

5

0

5

10

Target killing

19

0

2

21

23

0

0

1

1

TOTAL:

54

6

2

39

47

8

0

53

61

 

SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS:

Almost two third of the total killings in armed conflicts in India were reported in security forces actions, which took 77 lives and injured 24 others in 37 different incidents during January 2011. The counter insurgency campaign by Indian security forces killed 74 people and wounded 19 others in 29 different incidents. Almost 85 percent of the victims of security forces actions were alleged militants. The civilian casualties constituted about 14 percent of the total killings in these actions. The breakup of the security forces actions and resultant casualties is given below:

SECURITY FORCES OPERATIONS

S#

COUNTRY

NATURE OF

ATTACKS

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

 

INDIA

Border Violation

3

0

0

1

1

1

0

0

1

Internal Clash

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

Security Forces action

29

1

63

10

74

4

2

13

19

Suicides

2

2

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

Other

2

0

0

0

0

1

0

2

3

TOTAL:

37

3

63

11

77

7

2

15

24

 

The most of the Indian security forces actions were reported in eastern and northern region. More than one half of the total security forces actions were reported in northern regional, all in Indian held Jammu and Kashmir, killing 10 people and inflicting injuries to 18 others. But four fifth of the total casualties in insurgency were witnessed in eastern region where 13 incidents of violence took 61 lives. Most of those killed in Jammu and Kashmir were civilians, i.e. 7 out of 10. While all but 4 killed by Indian security forces in the eastern region were alleged militants. The highest casualties in security forces actions in any of the Indian province were reported in Orissa where 30 people, all alleged militant, were killed. The region and province-wise breakup of Indian security forces actions and consequent fatalities is given below:

REGION / PROVINCE-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS (INDIA)

S.#

Province Name

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

A.

Eastern Region (ER)

1.

BIHAR

1

1

1

2.

CHHATISGARH

2

1

14

15

2

2

3.

JHARKHAND

4

12

3

15

4

ORISSA

5

30

30

5.

WEST BENGAL

1

1

1

1

1

TOTAL (ER)

13

1

57

3

61

3

1

 

4

 

B.

 

Northern Region (NR)

6.

INDIAN HELD

 JAMMU & KASHMIR

19

2

1

7

10

3

15

18

TOTAL (NR)

19

2

1

7

10

3

 

15

18

C.

North Eastern Region (NER)

 

7.

ASSAM

1

2

2

8.

MIZORAM

1

2

2

TOTAL (NR)

2

 

4

 

4

 

 

 

 

D.

Southern Region (SR)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.

ANDHRA PRADESH

1

1

1

10.

TAMIL NADU

1

1

1

TOTAL (SR)

2

 

1

1

2

 

 

 

 

E.

Western Region (WR)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11.

MAHARASHTRA

1

1

1

2

TOTAL (SR)

1

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

2

GRAND TOTAL

(A+B+C+D+E)

37

3

63

11

77

7

2

15

24

 

The anxiety continued to hunt Indian security forces personnel leading to mutual quarrels and committing of suicide by them. A security forces’ personnel was reportedly injured in an internal quarrel. Yet 2 more soldiers committed suicide. Besides, 3 incidents of border violation, 2 by Pakistani forces and 1 by Sri Lankan Navy, were also reported during the month. The former left one Indian soldier injured in Kashmir while the latter reportedly killed a fisherman in Tamil Nadu.

 

 

PAKISTAN:

Everyday of January 2011 witnessed about 4 incidents of militancy or counter-insurgency taking as much as 12 lives.  The militants carried out 3 attacks taking lives of 6 people every day. Every day saw either a drone attack or a security forces action against the insurgents killing 6 alleged militants. Every second person killed in insurgency and three fourth of the victims of bomb blasts were non-combatant ordinary people. Overall, civilian casualties formed one fourth of the total killings in armed conflict in Pakistan.

There were at least 377 persons killed and more than 353 others injured in 113 different acts of violence in Pakistan during the month of January 2011. Among the dead included 222 militants, 102 civilians and 53 security forces personnel. Those wounded included 236 civilians, 78 militants and 39 security forces personnel. Security forces killed 183 militants and left more than 70 others wounded in 29 different actions. Militant activities took lives of 180 people and inflicted injuries to more than 271 others in some 84 different incidents. The summary of casualties in Pakistan is given below:

CATEGORY-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN PAKISTAN

S.#

Nature of Attack

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

Militant Activities

84

53

39

88

180

38

8

225

271

2.

Security Forces Actions

16

0

134

6

140

1

60

0

61

3.

Drone Attacks

11

0

49

0

49

0

10

0

10

4.

Cross Border Firing

2

0

0

8

8

0

0

11

11

GRAND TOTAL

113

53

222

102

377

39

78

236

353

 

            MILITANT ACTIVITIES:

            The militancy continued to take lives of people in Pakistan during the month. The militant activities were reported in four provinces of the country but Baluchistan, Khyber PK and FATA remained the worst hit areas. The highest numbers of militants’ activities (32) were reported in Baluchistan and FATA but highest casualties in insurgency were observed in Khyber PK. The insurgency took lives of 74 people, including 2 militants themselves, in 18 different incidents in Khyber PK. The civilian casualties form about one half of the total victims of militancy in the province. The highest, almost two third (36 out of 53), killings of the security forces personnel in insurgency in Pakistan were also reported in Khyber PK. In Baluchistan, 25 out of the 27 killed in 32 incidents were civilians. In FATA, more than one half, 36 out of 65, victims of insurgency were the militants themselves. Militancy also took lives of 20 civilians and 9 security forces personnel in FATA. Only a single incident of insurgency was reported each in Punjab and Sindh killing 11 and 3 people, respectively. The province / region – wise breakup of militant activities is given as under:

PROVINCE / REGION-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN PAKISTAN

S.#

Region

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

BALUCHISTAN

32

2

0

25

27

10

0

34

44

2.

FATA

32

9

36

20

65

15

8

11

34

3.

KHYBER PK

18

36

2

36

74

13

0

87

100

4.

PUNJAB

1

3

1

7

11

0

0

85

85

5.

SINDH

1

3

0

0

3

0

0

8

8

GRAND TOTAL

84

53

39

88

180

38

8

225

271

 

The militants employed almost all means of violence including assault, bomb blast, suicide attack and target killing etc. in the country. The victims of bomb blasts and targeted killings were, however, mostly civilians. The bomb blasts constituted one half of the total militant activities killing highest number of people in any kind of attacks by them. As much as 84 militant activities were reported in Pakistan killing 180 persons and leaving more than 271 others injured. Reportedly, 42 bomb blasts took lives of at least 64 people, which form about one third of the total casualties in insurgency. Almost three fourth of the victims of bomb blasts were the civilians. The militants also carried out 24 assaults taking lives of 53 people. But Pakistani security forces responded effectively to them and as such these assaults proved to be more lethal for militants themselves than anyone else. More than one half, 28 out of 53, of those killed in militants assaults were insurgents. Moreover, 3 suicide attacks took lives of 37 people and inflicted injuries to 117 others.[3] Almost three fourth of the victims of the suicide attacks were security forces personnel. Yet 24 people lost their lives in 14 incidents of targeted killings in the country. All but 2 victims of targeted killings were civilians. The mutual rivalries and differences among the militant groups occasionally lead to clashes between them. A clash between rival militant groups was also reported during the month killing 2 insurgents. The summary of militant activities and consequent casualties are given below:

S#

 

 

COUNTRY

MILITANT ACTIVITIES

NATURE OF

ATTACKS

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

 

PAKISTAN

Assault

24

12

28

13

53

5

4

12

21

Bomb blast

42

13

6

45

64

33

4

94

131

Suicide attack

3

26

3

8

37

0

0

117

117

Target killing

14

2

0

22

24

0

0

2

2

Others (IC)

1

0

2

0

2

0

0

0

0

TOTAL:

84

53

39

88

180

38

8

225

271

ATTACKS ON RELIGIOUS PLACES / PROCESSION:

            The militants continued to attack holy places and religious processions in Pakistan. In South Waziristan Agency, they attempted to detonate shrine of “Musa Neeka” but the explosion only damaged its boundary wall. They militants attacked religious processions in Lahore and Karachi at the eve of Chehlum of Hazrat Imam Hussain (RA). However, the security personnel prevented the attackers to reach the people and decreased the civilian losses while scarifying their own lives on both places. A mosque adjacent to a police station was also damaged in a suicide attack in Bannu, Khyber PK.

SIGNIFICANT TARGETS OF THE MILITANCY:

The most significant killing in the hands of militants was murder of Col (R) Imam, a former ISI officer, in North Waziristan Agency. He was kidnapped along-with another former ISI official Khawaja Khalid and a British journalist Asad Qureshi while traveling in the area on March 26, 2010. Their captives had executed Mr. Khawaja but released the journalist on payment of ransom of Rs.20 million. They killed Col. (R) Imam on January 23.[v] Besides, the militants killed a police officer in Peshawar. DSP Rasheed Khan was killed with 2 other policemen in a suicide attack on the last day of the month. It was a bad day for Peshawar police, which was targeted twice by militants in few hours. In all, the militants carried out at least 10 attacks on policemen in the country during the month.

            NATO SUPPLIES ATTACKED:

 

            The militants carried out at least 7 attacks on NATO supplies in different parts of country. They opened fire on the accompanying staff and set ablaze dozens of containers and oil tankers.

PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE DETONATED:

            The militants repeatedly attacked the civilians including a passenger bus and 2 school vans. They planted IEDs and detonated various schools, a basic health unit (BHU), railway track, a bridge, Kohat tunnel and gas pipelines. These attacks took lives of several civilians including schoolchildren and their female teachers.

SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS:

The counter-insurgency campaign by Pakistani security forces killed 140 people and wounded 61 others. All but 6 victims of security forces actions were militants. Only 6 civilians were killed in such actions. The security forces suffered no loss expect sustaining injuries by a Khasadar in Khyber Agency of FATA. Rest of those left wounded in security forces actions were all militants. The security forces conducted 4 air raids killing 59 people, all except one, militants. The rest of the casualties were reported in 12 various ground / field operations. All but 3 security forces actions and 131 resultant killings were reported in FATA. In Khyber PK, security forces killed 9 militants in 3 different incidents.  The breakup of security forces actions and resultant fatalities is given as under:

S#

COUNTRY

SECURITY FORCES OPERATIONS

NATURE OF

ATTACKS

 

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

 

PAKISTAN

Air raid

4

0

58

1

59

0

34

0

34

Security forces (ground) operations

12

0

76

5

81

1

26

0

27

TOTAL:

16

0

134

6

140

1

60

0

61

 

Foreign Aggression

DRONE ATTACKS

11

0

49

0

49

0

10

0

10

Border Violation

2

0

0

8

8

0

0

11

11

 

GRAND TOTAL:

29

0

183

14

197

1

70

11

82

DRONE ATTACKS:

            The CIA driven drones – pilotless airplanes – killed 49 people in 11 different attacks. All of these strikes were carried out in North Waziristan Agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) on 5 different days. All of the victims of drone attacks were alleged militants. No civilian casualty was either reported or confirmed by the official sources, though the real civilian casualties are likely to be far higher than those of militants.

            CROSS BORDER SHELLING:

            In a single incident, mortars were fired across the Afghanistan border into Pakistani territory killing 8 people and leaving 11 others wounded. All those killed or injured in the incident were civilians. On the eastern border, Indian border security force (BSF) opened fire on Pakistani Rangers in Narowal, Punjab. However, no casualty was reported in the incident.



[1] This is the minimum confirm number. In several incidents, higher casualties have been claimed by militants but these were not officially confirmed. Moreover, in number of cases, the exact number of those injured was not given and hence not counted.

[2] For details see http://icasualties.org/oef/

 

[3] The bomb blast in Karachi was initially reported as a suicide attack but the investigation has yet not confirmed it that it was a suicide attack. Therefore, it was not listed as a suicide attacks.



[i] For convenience and generalization, Afghanistan has been divided into four regions, Eastern, Northern

Southern and Western. This demarcation of regions is based on the division of different areas of the

country into four regional commands by ISAF Command and Control. For details see “What are Regional

Commands (RC) in Afghanistan?” http://armymomstrong.com/what-are-regional-commands-rc-inafghanistan/

 

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