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Pakistan: Data shows decline in violence after peace efforts

Graph shows gradual decline in deaths in anti-state related violence in Pakistan in 2013.
Graph shows gradual decline in deaths in anti-state related violence in Pakistan in 2013.

The monthly security report issued by the Conflict Monitoring Centre (CMC), an Islamabad based independent and non-profit research organization, claimed that militant attacks (MAs) and resultant deaths (RDs) have decreased in October 2013 as compared to the previous month. In the context of behind-the-scene contacts and preparations for talks between the government and Taliban, the militants have not halted their activities but reduced the number and intensity of their attacks as reflected in fewer RDs in such incidents than those in the past. On average, every month of this year (2013) witnessed 97 MAs and 260 RDs. After a relative decline in MAs and RDs in July and August, both of them had resurged in September this year. However, the data compiled in October shows a decrease both in MAs and the overall casualties reported in such cases. MAs and RDs have declined in October with varying degrees in all militancy-hit parts of the country including Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) and Sind. The security forces actions (SFAs) have also been reduced almost by one-half. The forces have almost halted their combat operations and carried out mostly the intelligence-driven search activities and preventive measures.

The ongoing insurgency together with counter-militancy campaign in the country claimed lives of at least 138 people and left 255 others injured in 133 different incidents in October 2013. KPK was the area hit by the violence the worst in the month. Balochistan and FATA also witnessed comparatively more incidents of violence than other areas of the country did. In KPK, at least 47 people were killed and 76 others left injured in 70 different incidents. In Balochistan, 23 incidents claimed 47 lives and left 103 people injured while 31 people were killed in 28 violent instances in FATA. In Sind, nine such occurrences claimed 12 lives. Punjab, Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT), and Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) witnessed a single incident each. No casualty was reported in ICT and GB while a single death was reported in Punjab. No insurgency related incident took place in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) during the month.

SFAs claimed only 14 lives, including nine militants, four civilians and one security forces personnel (SFP), and left 21 others injured. More than one-half of SFAs were reported in KPK, i.e. 24, followed by eight in FATA and six in Sind. The highest deaths of militants in SFAs, i.e. 7, took place in Sind, followed by 2 in Balochistan. In FATA, SFAs claimed lives of four civilians. The forces arrested 631 suspected militants. Out of them, the highest 453 were captured in KPK, followed by 102 in FATA, 68 in Sind, 6 in Balochistan and 2 in Gilgit-Baltistan (GB). The forces foiled at least 13 attempts of subversion by defusing bombs /Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). Out of them, nine such attempts were foiled in KPK, three in FATA and one in ICT.

All four provinces and FATA witnessed MAs, which claimed lives of at least 124 people, including 58 civilians, 37 SFPs, 27 militants, and 2 pro-government razakars (PGRs), i.e. members of aman lashkars, in 90 different cases. These attacks also left over 234 people wounded which included 172 civilians, 53 SFPs, 6 militants, and 3 PGRs. The highest number of MAs and RDs were reported in KPK where 46 MAs claimed lives of 47 people and left 73 others injured. Balochistan and FATA witnessed 20 MAs each while 3 such attacks were reported in Sind and a single incident in Punjab. MAs claimed lives of 44 people in Balochistan, 27 in FATA, 5 in Sind and one in Punjab.

The insurgents used IEDs most frequently and most lethally followed by assaults. At least 51 people, including 25 SFPs, 21 civilians, 3 militants and 2 PGRs, were killed and 103 others left injured in 41 IED explosions. The militants assaulted 17 times claiming lives of 28 people, including 13 civilians, 9 insurgents and 6 SFPs. At least 11 people including 6 civilians and 5 SFPs became victims of 10 cases of targeted killings. The militants also carried out 3 suicide attacks taking lives of 33 people, including 17 civilians and a SFP and leaving 52 others injured. These attacks also included the one in which a car packed with explosives was rammed into the compound of a militant commander in Hango district of KPK killing 15 militants and leaving 6 others injured. The most shocking attack was the one carried out in Kolachi area of Dera Ismail Khan, KPK killing 10 people and leaving 30 others injured. Those killed included provincial Law Minister, Israrullah Gandapur who was targeted by a suicide bomber when he was exchanging greetings with people on the occasion of Eid-al-Azha. Besides these 2 suicide attacks in KPK, third one was carried out at the Pak-Afghan Chaman border in Balochistan killing 8 people and leaving 16 others injured.

The data shows that at least 11 districts of Balochistan, 9 districts of KPK and 6 agencies of FATA, besides one district each of Punjab and Sind, were affected by militancy during October. These affected areas included; Awaran, Chaman, Dera Bugti, Khuzdar, Naseerabad, Panjgur, Quetta, Turbat, Washuk and Zhob in Balochistan); Bannu, Charsada, D.I.Khan, Hango, Kohat, Nowshehra, Peshawar, Swabi and Swat in KPK; Lahore in Punjab; Karachi in Sind; and Bajur, Khyber, Kurram North Waziristan, South Waziristan and Upper Dir in FATA. Quetta district in Balochistan, Peshawar and Bannu in KPK and North Waziristan in FATA are the areas hit of militancy the worst in their respective provinces / regions.

For detailed Report contact at conflictmonitor@gmail.com

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